Table Design with CSS

Lesson Details:
July 10, 2020


I: Introduction

A: Introduction to programming coding languages

The history of computer programming languages is given in the following.

Programming language is a formal language that can be used to write instructions for a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine, to express algorithms precisely, or as a mode of human communication. Many programming languages have rich syntactic structures for defining and manipulating data; they are sometimes called “high-level languages”.

To fully understand this article, you should have some basic knowledge about computer and its parts and its working. For example, you should know what is “a processor” and “memory” and “input and output devices” etc. I am not going to explain these things here but if you don’t know about them then just go through this article which will give you basic information about them.

Programming Languages: History started with FORTRAN

The very first programming language was developed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert in 1950s at University of Pennsylvania. The name of the programming language was FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslation). This language was developed for scientific calculation and later on it was used for commercial level applications also. In the beginning it was written for computers which had magnetic drums for storage but later on it was written for computers having magnetic tapes and then on hard disks were used. In this language all statements were terminated by semicolons. It was a general purpose language.

In 1964, a new programming language called ALGOL (ALGOrithmic Language) was developed by a committee of European scientists. It included a set of statements for common mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square roots, comparison etc. It also included variables, assignment statements, parameters etc. In this language all statements were terminated by semi-colons. It also contained an IF statement which was used for decision making. It could be either true or false. A program could then decide on one course of action or another depending on the outcome of the decision making process.

In 1967, a new programming language called PL/1 (Programming Language One) was developed by IBM corporation. In this programming language each statement was terminated by semicolon. It also included IF statement which could be either true or false. It also included DO WHILE statement which means that the loop must execute at least once even if the condition is not true. This language also provided for user defined functions like in many other high level languages like c, C++ etc. The values returned by functions in this language could be assigned to variables in main program. It also allowed nested functions. The nested functions could call the main function again during execution

In 1969, a new programming language called COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language) was developed by a group of professionals headed by Dr. Grace Murray Hopper. This language was mainly designed for commercial business application works like accounting, payroll, record keeping etc. It also included SET statement which allows setting value of variables, inputting values into variables etc., INPUT statement which reads input data from the keyboard etc., OUTPUT statement which prints data onto the screen etc., DO WHILE statement which means that the loop must execute at least once even if the condition is not true etc., PERFORM statement which allows repetition of statements or groups of statements for any number of times etc., RETURN statement which stops execution of the current routine and exits from it etc., ON GIVEN CONDITION statement which allows transferring control to one set of statements or another depending on some predetermined conditions etc., IF THEN ELSE statement which allows selection among two courses of action depending upon value of some variable etc., AND ALSO ELSE statement which allows selection among three courses of action depending upon value of some variable etc.. It also included user defined functions like in other high level languages like c, C++ etc., Variables could be declared at any place in the program unlike in other high level languages where the variables could be declared only at top level i.e., before any statements are executed, Function calls could be nested i.e., a function call inside another function call, Functions could be passed as arguments to other functions i.e., one function can be called from inside another function etc..

In 1970, a new programming language called PASCAL (PROgramming in SEquentiaL Languages) was developed by Niklaus Wirth at ETH Zurich in Switzerland. This language was based on structured programming concepts introduced by Edsger Dijkstra in 1968. This language had three main components i.e., programs written in Pascal were divided into modules containing separately compiled procedures and functions so that these could later on be modified without affecting other parts of program, all programs written in Pascal were divided into procedures and functions so that these could later on be modified without affecting other parts of program, all variables had to be declared before they were used so that there would be no confusion over their use etc.. In this language variables had to be declared before they were used so that there would be no confusion over their use etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring better readability of code and maintenance of code etc.. In this language everything started from top so that no code would remain unreachable at any time thus ensuring

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